Relationships between body weight perception, bmi, exercise, and you may dining alternatives inside Southern area Ca male and female adolescents
Understanding the relationship between body weight perception (BWP) and weight control is an important influencer on adolescents’ health behaviours. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between BWP, body mass index (BMI), physical activity and food choices in adolescent males and females (N = 1,212). Across BMI categories, more females perceived themselves as overweight and tried to control their weight, where more males tried to gain weight or never tried to control their weight (p < 0.001). Major reason for weight control was to look better followed by to improve health. Interestingly, adolescents who perceived themselves as thin consumed unhealthier foods (hamburgers and regular soda), where those who perceived themselves as fit and overweight ate healthier foods (salad and vegetables). Results of this study validate that an accurate perception of weight is critical to the success of education and behaviour intervention programs for both overweight and normal weight adolescents.
Lbs impression (BWP) try gaining recognition because a powerful determinant away from nutritional patterns and you may weight management strategies among adolescents (Ursoniu, Putnoky, Vlaicu, 2011 ). Prior studies have shown you to definitely adolescents that are skinny otherwise regular lbs perceive by themselves since the fat, therefore growing its risk of eating conditions, unhealthy weight government habits and you can anxiety (Desmond, Rates, Gray, Oconnell, 1986 ; Tang et al., 2010 ). The public adulation having model type of physiques usually showed about news and you will magazines likely affects these unhealthy perceptions. Alternatively, kids who are overweight often don’t understand by themselves therefore as they are unrealistic to apply match weight control behaviours with actual pastime (PA) and diet (Khambalia, Sturdy, Bauman, 2012 ; Strauss, 1999 ). This suggests that teens tend to misperceive their weight reputation, no matter what actuality.
Lbs misperception is understood to be the brand new discordance anywhere between a person’s genuine weight reputation in addition to perception of their weight (Duncan mais aussi al., 2011 ). Several socio-demographic and you will ecological activities affect lbs misperception for the teens such as for example sex, body mass index (BMI), ethnicity, socioeconomic reputation and you can media exposure (Kim So, 2014 ; ; Perkins, Perkins, Craig, 2010 ). Considering research conducted recently, lbs misperception is an effective predictor off human body dissatisfaction no matter what genuine lbs standing (Knowlwa, Ling, Thomas, Adab, McManus, 2015 ). Consequently, distorted BWP and the entire body disappointment often leads teenagers to take on unhealthy pounds control behaviours also purging, fast and ultizing laxatives/weight loss supplements, and additionally reframing regarding keeping healthy diet and exercise models (Liechty, 2010 ; Tala ). As research has shown one to identified weight are a more powerful indication than just actual lbs getting anticipating involvement in suit managing weight (Serdula mais aussi al., 1993 ; Strauss, 1999 ) facts and you can handling of this misperception are useful in cutting teenage obesity, bodily inactivity and dining issues.
Which have each other overestimation and you may underestimation from weight getting regarding the better wellness exposure in the teens (Park, 2011 ), it is important to understand the connections between body weight misperception and fitness risk behaviors as the truthfully perceiving on your own might have been associated which have motivation to alter unsafe behaviors (Maximova et al., 2008 ). Exploring the relationships ranging from BWP, Bmi, PA and you can eating selection might provide notion on if or not otherwise not the presence of an awful relationships ranging from BWP and you can Bmi indicates dysmorphia. Since the enhanced adiposity is a robust predictor out-of worst body picture and you can lowest self-value, self-confident human body visualize and you may real BWP will get increase regions of muscles picture and give a wide berth to your risk of obesity (Olive, Byrne, Cunningham, Telford, 2012 ). For this reason, weight misperception are an important changeable within the being obese prevention and medication to own teens.